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US: Does smoking marijuana cause teen behavior problems or vice versa?

Found: Wed Dec 05 14:07:56 2018 PST
Source: Burlington County Times (NJ)
Copyright: 2018 Calkins Newspapers. Inc.
Contact: https://phillyburbs-dot-com.bloxcms-ny1.com/contact/
Website: http://www.phillyburbs.com/news/local/burlington_county_times_news/
Details: http://www.mapinc.org/media/2128
Source: Philadelphia Daily News (PA)
Copyright: 2018 Philadelphia Newspapers Inc.
Contact: http://www.philly.com/dailynews/about/feedback/
Website: http://www.philly.com/dailynews/
Details: http://www.mapinc.org/media/339
Source: Philadelphia Inquirer, The (PA)
Copyright: 2018 Philadelphia Newspapers Inc
Contact: inquirer.letters@phillynews.com
Website: http://www.philly.com/inquirer/
Details: http://www.mapinc.org/media/340
Webpage: http://www2.philly.com/health/marijuana-be... [translate]
Newshawk: http://drugpolicycentral.com/bot/


topical analysis
prison was NOT mentioned
propaganda analysis

Does smoking marijuana cause teen behavior problems or vice versa? Does smoking marijuana cause teen behavior problems or vice versa?

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Health

Does smoking marijuana cause teen behavior problems or vice versa?

by Aneri Pattani, Updated: December 5, 2018- 6:00 AM

Hundreds of pot smokers gathered at Independence Mall outside of the Liberty Bell to celebrate the marijuana holiday, "420".

As dozens of states move toward legalizing marijuana -- for both medical and recreational purposes -- scientists and parents have asked what the impact might be on children. Will more teens use pot? Will doing so cause behavioral problems? Will they develop a substance-use disorder?

According to a new study published last month in the journal Addiction: yes, probably not, and maybe.

Related stories

* Public faith in marijuana outpaces medical research, study finds

* N.J. lawmakers to vote on legalizing weed, adding cannabis 'microbusinesses' and academic research

The study, led by the Annenberg Public Policy Center at the University of Pennsylvania, found that marijuana use among teens does not lead to conduct problems. In fact, it's the other way around. Adolescents with conduct problems, like cheating, skipping class, and stealing, are more likely to gravitate toward marijuana use.

"Parents ought to be somewhat reassured that cannabis use doesn't lead to the type of mental health problems related to conduct issues," said Dan Romer, a co-author on the study and research director of the Annenberg Center.

The study used data from the Philadelphia Trajectory Study, which followed nearly 400 adolescents over eight years, testing them annually from 2004 to 2010, and then again in 2012 for a final follow-up. At each point in time, the teens were asked about their cannabis use and conduct problems. Responses about cannabis use were validated with urine tests.

While self-reported data always present some concerns over validity, researchers said following the kids over many years decreased the likelihood of erroneous conclusions. Instead of focusing on any data point, they examined trends over time. "It gives you a very sensitive measure of change," Romer said.

They found that peers can significantly influence each other's marijuana use. But it's not that those who use weed seek out others who do. Instead, they make others in their original friend group more likely to try pot.

"What it's telling us is that when marijuana becomes more available, there will inevitably be a spread through peer networks," Romer said.

More American teens use marijuana than smoke cigarettes, according to the CDC.

Pennsylvania and New Jersey are among more than 30 states that have legalized medical marijuana. Ten states have legalized recreational use, too.

While the researchers didn't explore why students with conduct problems were more likely to use marijuana, they suggest it could be a way of self-medicating. Pot may help youths cope with "disapproval of their behavior problems" from parents and teachers, the authors wrote.

It's by no means a trend exclusive to marijuana. People with untreated mental illness often turn to various drugs, sometimes leading to substance-use disorders. One federally funded study found about 20 percent of people with a history of substance-use disorder suffer from a mood disorder and 18 percent from an anxiety disorder. Looking at marijuana use specifically, researchers have found youths with more chronic or severe forms of depression are more likely to develop cannabis use disorder.

While often unrecognized and undertreated, cannabis-use disorder affects nearly six million Americans, according to an analysis by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. It can cause physical dependence and decreased motivation, and interfere with daily activities.

"Any young person should be aware of that," Romer said. While it may not cause behavioral issues, "this is not a harmless drug."

The study authors estimate about a quarter of teens who use cannabis will develop a mild cannabis-use disorder, about the same proportion of teen drinkers who develop an alcohol-use disorder. In the paper, they suggest providing "healthier alternative coping strategies and support" to decrease the risk for addiction, especially for kids with conduct problems.

Currently, schools and the legal system use a punishment framework, Romer said. But by focusing on therapy, "we would probably be able to prevent kids with these problems from going onward and escalating," he said.

Romer also suggested parents monitor their children's cannabis use and emphasize moderation. While smoking pot may not lead to conduct problems, there are other risks to consider, he said.

Studies show cannabis use can cause memory loss, though some research suggests the effects can be reversed by quitting pot. Marijuana use can also trigger the onset of schizophrenia earlier in those who are genetically predisposed to the illness.

"All of that needs to be put into the picture as we legalize," Romer said.

Posted: December 5, 2018 - 6:00 AM

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analysis of article text


prohibitionist hits:0 government drug warrior (prohibition_agency) hits:0 propaganda (drugwar_propaganda) hits:92 legalization hits:4 drug_reformer hits:0 reform_referenda hits:0 cannabis hits:44 stimulant hits:0 narcotic hits:0 hallucinogen hits:0
    prohibitionist     prohibition_agency     drugwar_propaganda     legalization     drug_reformer
    reform_referenda     cannabis     stimulant     narcotic     hallucinogen
                        
                        


incarceration/prison mentioned? NO - the issue of prison or incarceration was NOT mentioned in this article .

propaganda analysis


explicit prohibition propaganda (explicit_propaganda) hits:0 hated group (propaganda_theme1) hits:1 madness, violence, illness (propaganda_theme2) hits:34 survival of society (propaganda_theme3) hits:2 gateway, use is abuse (propaganda_theme4) hits:20 children (propaganda_theme5) hits:22 demonize, war, epidemic (propaganda_theme6) hits:0 total prohibition (propaganda_theme7) hits:13 dissent opposed (propaganda_theme8) hits:0
EXP - explicit prohibition propaganda (explicit_propaganda) GRP - hated group (propaganda_theme1) MAD - madness, violence, illness (propaganda_theme2)
SOC - survival of society (propaganda_theme3) USE - gateway, use is abuse (propaganda_theme4) KID - children (propaganda_theme5)
WAR - demonize, war, epidemic (propaganda_theme6) TOT - total prohibition (propaganda_theme7) DIS - dissent opposed (propaganda_theme8)



conceptevidencehitslinks
 drug of abuse implied / mentioned

drug related
[news] [concept]

legalization illegal drugs  
drugwar_propaganda : a drug war propaganda event, campaign release, slogan, or themepropaganda

drugwar propaganda
[news] [concept]

propaganda theme1 propaganda theme2 propaganda theme3 propaganda theme5 propaganda theme7 propaganda theme4 Why Are Americans So Easy to Manipulate? (Bruce E Levine, 2012)
Classic Modern Drug Propaganda
Themes in Chemical Prohibition
Drug War Propaganda (kindle edition)
propaganda_theme1 : drug war propaganda theme: hated groupshated group

propaganda theme1
[news] [concept]

"pot smokers"1Hated Groups (propaganda theme 1)
drugwarfacts.org/druguse.htm
drugwarfacts.org/racepris.htm
America's Racist Drug laws
narcoterror.org/
Labeling theory
Transfer (propaganda)
 addiction 60%
[news] [concept]
"Addiction" "dependence"3Twelve-Step Snake Oil (2012)
Ceremonial Chemistry: The Ritual Persecution of Drugs, Addicts, and Pushers (Thomas Szasz)
Rat Park
substance.com/stop-nora-volkow-l...
iboga-experience.nl/
lewrockwell.com/2013/08/stephen-...
wakingtimes.com/2014/03/12/canna...
Most People With Addiction Simply Grow Out of It: Why Is This Widely Denied? (2014)
propaganda_theme2 : drug war propaganda theme: madness, violence, illness caused by drugsmadness, violence, illness

propaganda theme2
[news] [concept]

"not a harmless drug" "deadly" "motivation" "anxiety" "memory loss" "dangers" "dangers of" "Cancer" "problems" "depression" "schizophrenia" "mental illness" "health problems" "mental health problems" "disease" addiction reefer madness28Madness Crime Violence Illness (propaganda theme 2)
drugwarfacts.org/crime.htm
drugwarfacts.org/causes.htm
Distortion 18: Cannabis and Mental Illness
No, marijuana use doesn't lower your IQ (10/2014)
propaganda_theme3 : drug war propaganda theme: survival of societysurvival of society

propaganda theme3 50%
[news] [concept]

"American" "Americans"2Survival of Society (propaganda theme 3)
The "Nation" as a Device To Create a Psychological Crowd
 use is abuse

use is abuse
[news] [concept]

"substance-use" "cannabis use" "marijuana use" "use marijuana" "Abuse"17Use is Abuse (propaganda theme 4)
drugwarfacts.org/addictiv.htm
 gateway

gateway 55%
[news] [concept]

"lead to"3Use is Abuse, Gateway (propaganda theme 4)
drugwarfacts.org/gatewayt.htm
Distortion 7: Gateway
propaganda_theme4 : drug war propaganda theme: all use is abuse, gatewaygateway, use is abuse

propaganda theme4
[news] [concept]

use is abuse gateway Use is Abuse, Gateway (propaganda theme 4)
propaganda_theme5 : drug war propaganda theme: children corrupted by drugschildren

propaganda theme5 80%
[news] [concept]

"children" "kids" "teen" "teens" "Adolescents" "youths" "parents"22Children Corrupted (propaganda theme 5)
drugwarfacts.org/adolesce.htm
Think of the children
propaganda_theme7 : drug war propaganda theme: total prohibiton or accesstotal prohibition

propaganda theme7
[news] [concept]

"faith" "legalizing" "legalized" "legalize" "legalizing marijuana" "legalized medical marijuana" "marijuana. Ten states have legalized" legalization9Total Prohibition or Access (propaganda theme 7)
 drug of abuse

illegal drugs
[news] [concept]

cannabis addiction  
 drugs 95%
[news] [concept]
various drugs  
 legalization
[news] [concept]
"legalizing marijuana" "legalized" "legalize"4mapinc.org/decrim.htm
 psychoactive chemical

chemicals 50%
[news] [concept]

alcohol erowid.org/chemicals/chemicals.s...
 psychoactive plant

plants
[news] [concept]

cannabis tobacco erowid.org/plants/plants.shtml
 intoxicant
[news] [concept]
cannabis  
 depressant intoxicant 50%
[news] [concept]
alcohol  
medical_cannabis : cannabis for medical usemedical cannabis
[news] [concept]
"medical marijuana" "marijuana -- for both medical" "marijuana outpaces medical"3medicalmarijuanaprocon.org/
drugwarfacts.org/medicalm.htm
mapinc.org/mmj.htm
mapinc.org/find?253
Cannabis Treats Anxiety, Depression And Activates Pathways That Regulate Emotional Behavior (2014)
The Flower (video cartoon)
 alcohol 50%
[news] [concept]
"Alcohol" "Alcoholism" "alcohol-use"3Stanton Peele Addiction Web Site
drugwarfacts.org/alcohol.htm
Pot Threatens Booze Profits
cannabis : cannabis (marijuana) product or usecannabis
[news] [concept]
"marijuana" "cannabis" "cannabis-use" "pot" "pot smokers" "smoking pot" "weed" medical cannabis reefer madness38Cannabis: Religious and Spiritual Uses
Cannabis-Driving Studies
MAPInc.org Cannabis Link DB
medicalmarijuanaprocon.org
cannabisculture.com
Schaffer Library: Marijuana
drugwarfacts.org/marijuan.htm
mapinc.org/pot.htm
U.S. Prisons Thriving on Jim Crow Marijuana Arrests (2013)
reefer_madness : (violent) mental illness, allegedly caused by cannabis usereefer madness

reefer madness 60%
[news] [concept]

"Marijuana use can also trigger the onset of schizophrenia" "marijuana. People with untreated mental" "cannabis use doesn't lead to the type of mental"3Link Between Marijuana and Mental Illness
Relief from Schizophrenia using Cannabis
Study Indicates Cannabis-Associated Psychosis Risk Is Minimal
Study: Pot Doesn't Exacerbate Schizophrenia
Cannabis Use May "Improve" Brain Function In Schizophrenics, Study Says
Distortion 18: Cannabis and Mental Illness
"Reefer Madness"
"Reefer Madness" 1936 screenplay
Hypnosis and "Reefer Madness"
mapinc.org/topics/psychosis
mapinc.org/find?252
Behavior Under Nazi Regime, vs Drug User Personality
Study: Marijuana Linked to Lower Mortality Rate for Patients with Psychotic Disorders (2012)
blog.norml.org/2015/02/24/norml-...
 Tobacco

tobacco
[news] [concept]

"cigarettes"1erowid.org/plants/tobacco/
Tobacco: Stunts Teens Growth
 various drugs 95%
[news] [concept]
"drugs" "drug"3 
 youth 80%
[news] [concept]
propaganda theme5 ssdp.org/
mapinc.org/youth.htm
 school
[news] [concept]
"schools" "University"2ssdp.org/
 mainstream (controlled) media

msm
[news] [concept]

mockingbird Mainstream Media
whowhatwhy.org/2014/04/09/media-...
archive.lewrockwell.com/orig14/a...
Michael Levine, Mainstream Media: The Drug War Shills
beforeitsnews.com/alternative/20...
Mainstream Media: The Most Significant Threat To Freedom
msm.rt.com/
sputniknews.com/europe/20160225/...
 Mockingbird / Wurlitzer; US intel-controlled media

mockingbird
[news] [concept]

assoc press Operation Mockingbird - Mighty Wurlitzer
carlbernstein.com/magazine cia a...
US Media Conceals News (2013)
Two of the Largest American Newspapers Opine in Favor of Allowing States to Legalize Marijuana (2012)
reuters.com/article/2014/07/27/u...
https://web.archive.org/web/2013...
Propaganda 101: Operation Mockingbird Continues (2015)
 assoc press
[news] [concept]
"Associated Press"1carlbernstein.com/magazine cia a...
Associated Press (AP) - Mockingbird / Wurlitzer

st:0.01 fo:0 s:0 d:0 c:0 db:0.111 a:0.38 m:0.73 t:1.59 (f)


text of article used for CRITICAL ANALYSIS, under FAIR USE provisions of the Copyright Act of 1976, 17 U.S.C. § 107, et al.


media charts

Bot's analysis of: "The Dangers and Consequences of Marijuana Abuse" the U.S. Department of Justice Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) Demand Reduction Section, May 2014
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    article tags



     

    assoc_press concept - AP - Associated Press - long linked with "Mighty Wurlitzer" intel ops like, "Operation Mockingbird"
    mockingbird concept - documented US intel controlled media: newspapers, tv, radio - various press associated with known intel ops such as, "Operation Mockingbird", "Mighty Wurlitzer", etc.
    msm concept - mainstream media - corporate, government controlled press: newspaper, tv, radio, websites; press associated with known intel ops such as, "Operation Mockingbird", "Mighty Wurlitzer", Tavistock Institute, etc.
    school concept
    youth concept
    various_drugs concept - general terms for drugs
    tobacco concept - Tobacco is an annual or bi-annual growing 1-3 meters tall with large sticky leaves that contain nicotine. Native to the Americas, tobacco has a long history of use as an shamanic inebriant and stimulant. It is extremely popular and well-known for its addictive potential. (Solanaceae, Nicotiana, rustica; tabacum L.; ...)
    reefer_madness concept - (violent) mental illness, allegedly caused by cannabis use
    reefer_madness
    cannabis concept - cannabis (marijuana) product or use
    cannabis
    alcohol concept - ethyl alcohol for intoxication
    medical_cannabis concept - cannabis for medical use
    medical_cannabis
    depressant_intoxicant concept
    intoxicant concept
    plants concept - Plants listed in this section are those which have been used by humans for their mind- or emotion-altering properties.
    chemicals concept - Psychoactive Chemicals are chemicals which have mind- or emotion-altering properties.
    legalization concept - drug decrim. or legalisaton
    drugs concept
    illegal_drugs concept - drugs of abuse, so-called
    propaganda_theme7 concept - drug war propaganda theme: total prohibiton or access
    propaganda_theme7
    propaganda_theme5 concept - drug war propaganda theme: children corrupted by drugs
    propaganda_theme5
    propaganda_theme4 concept - drug war propaganda theme: all use is abuse, gateway
    propaganda_theme4
    gateway concept - drug war propaganda theme: gateway
    use_is_abuse concept - drug war propaganda theme: all use is abuse
    propaganda_theme3 concept - drug war propaganda theme: survival of society
    propaganda_theme3
    propaganda_theme2 concept - drug war propaganda theme: madness, violence, illness caused by drugs
    propaganda_theme2
    addiction concept - addition or drug dependency
    propaganda_theme1 concept - drug war propaganda theme: hated groups
    propaganda_theme1
    drugwar_propaganda concept - a drug war propaganda event, campaign release, slogan, or theme
    drugwar_propaganda
    drug_related concept - related to illegal drugs and prohibition